A Short Guide to Roofing Shingles

Your Guide to Roof Shingles

Roof shingles are a form of barrier that is there to repel ice, snow, and water. They consist of a series of overlapping components that are laid together in rows, and each joint or seam overlaps a shingle further down the roof. When the water flows down the surface of the roof, it flows over the shingles reaching the edge where it falls to the ground or drips into gutters. Roof shingles affect the roof longevity, utilities, and the look of your home. If you can’t decide about the type of shingles you buy, this short guide is here to help you.

  1. Asphalt Shingles: The most common type of roofing shingles. These are the standard shingles used in the U.S. (more than 70% of homes here are covered in asphalt shingles). They are made from a fiberglass mat that is saturated with hot asphalt on both sides, while the top surface gets a granule mineral coating. They are available as the architectural roof shingle or 3-tab shingle (more common, but less durable).
  2. Metal Shingles: In the past, the corrugated standing seam or flat panel roof was the only type of roof metal available. Today, you can get metal roof shingles manufactured in any style you want so you can have them complement the rest of your home.
  3. Composite Shingles: Composite roof shingles are created from different types of materials (fibers, plastic polymers, dyes, and resins), so they can simulate the look of asphalt shingles, cedar shingles, clay tile, slate, and wood shake. They are also called synthetic roof shingles, synthetic wood shakes, or synthetic tile. They are easier to maintain and lower cost, which makes them a great alternative to natural roofing.
  4. Clay Tiles: One of the best roofing materials you can install is clay shingles or clay roof tiles. They are often naturally colored (brown-orange) but can come in custom textures and colors. They are considered a cool roofing type of shingle. Consider hiring a professional to get your roof installed the right way!
  5. Slate Shingles: Slate roofs are fireproof, eco-friendly, and durable, and some of the oldest structures in the U.S. still have original slate roofs. They are a popular type of roof shingles because people get a 100%-natural, stone roof that comes with beautiful color variations. There are also synthetic slate roof tiles made from different manufacturing materials.
  6. Cool Shingles: Many homeowners want a sustainable and green home to reduce their utility costs, energy usage, and reduce their carbon imprint. That’s why manufacturers created cool roof shingles. It is a type of shingle that contains reflective granules that reflect more sun rays and heat than regular shingles. They reduce heat transfer to the home, lower utility bills, and reduce the use of air conditioning.
  7. Wood Shingles: Wood roof shingles are a sustainable roofing option because they offer better insulation value than other most roof shingles. Wood shingles are often mixed with wood shakes, but the two are not the same. Wood shakes are thicker than wood shingles and are split on both sides (or just one) for a textured grain look. They usually saw wood shingles on both sides to form a smooth profile shape.

Besides these most common and popular roof shingles, there are also concrete roof tiles, copper roof shingles, rubber roof shingles, and many more. If you need help in finding the best type of roofing shingles and replacing your old room, feel free to contact us!